ELA Writing assignment: Problems & Solutions
Pollution is a big problem nowadays, there's pollution in the land, water, and even air. Smoke and soot-stained rain sometimes falls down upon suburban cities. Animals swallow plastics and metals dropped in the wilderness. Texas-sized rafts of junk entangle dolphins, fish, and seabirds. Sometimes it seems impossible to fix, but there are ways to slow down and even reverse this pollution.
Air! We breathe it every day. The air around us is filled with oxygen, the life-giving gas that keeps us organisms going. Most animals can't survive without it, including us! But, some have come to notice that city air and the air around big factories has a stale and bitter twinge to it, while the air in the forests smell pure and sweet. The cause of this is from a phenomenon called 'aerial pollution'. Aerial pollution is where various pollutants, such as cigar smoke, car fumes, and factory smoke billow up into the air and stick around. Sometimes the blend of soot, dust, and smoke goes high up into clouds and condenses with raindrops and falls down as murky black water. This is known as 'acid rain'. Acid rain is not actually corrosive acid, but the name refers to it's toxicity. The water may fall into different water-sources and contaminate it, making it unsafe to consume. That poisons the animals and plants that absorb the dirty solution.
There are a few things we can do to stop this. A gigantic part of the spread of this horrid air are big factories. Not all factories have to create smoke, they only produce smoke when they burn coal, natural gas, and other items that require burning, thus producing smoke inevitably. To stop making smoke or to reduce the bad effects, they can either filter the air out, use clean energy if possible, or even change their procedures entirely! You can stop buying from companies that pollute, and explain why you don't buy from them and why you want them to turn towards clean production alternatives. You can ask authorities like senators to put laws in place against pollution.
Smoking is not a major cause of areal pollution, but it still helps a little bit! In smoking, you literally breathe in and out noxious smoke, filled with nicotine. Nicotine addicts you to cigars. That is a horrible thing since the smoke in cigarettes causes many diseases, like cancer in the lungs and mouth. You can stop people from polluting the air with it by encouraging people to not smoke. If someone you know smokes, try to convince them to quit. Tell them about the dangers of smoking and what it does to the environment.
You can also call your senators and mayors and persuade them to put trees and plants around. The trees sort of 'purify' the air, making it safer and nicer to breathe. One big pollutant and greenhouse gas is carbon, which plants absorb to make energy. Carbon dioxide also has oxygen as a part of it, but the plants do not need that, so they just release the clean air out as 'waste'. That is why wild areas smell so nice; the plants are constantly purifying the air! Besides making the cities and towns smell fresher and healthier to breathe, the plants also add a lovely bit of color into the grey, white, and black cityscape. Flowers and flowering trees make people feel cheery. It has been proven that bright, happy colors makes people feel better. Adding plants will make people feel healthy and happy!
Garbage is floating all over the ocean, washing up on beaches and collecting in absolutely gargantuan 'trash islands'. The largest trash island is the size of Texas! Animals come near the garbage and think that it's food. Sea turtles eat floating plastic bags, mistaking them for jellyfish. A plastic bottle could look like a fish to a pelican, and it could gulp it down. Big hunks of rubber could seem like a piece of blubber, and get eaten by sharks. Animals don't have to eat the whole items for it to be horrible. Little bits can be just as awful! As trash floats around, they break down into very small granules called 'nurdles'. These nurdles get eaten by little fish, which get eaten by bigger fish, and so on. Eventually one of the contaminated fish ends up on our dinner plate, and we become part of the cycle too! Besides consumption, the litter can pose other threats besides being eaten and poisoning us and the animals Straws get jammed gruesomely into animals facial orifices, and get sucked into whale and dolphin blowholes. How do we stop this from happening!?
If you are swimming and find garbage, you can collect it and throw it in a bin or recycling can. If you can, take trash that you find on the ground and dispose of it as well. Tell your friends and family not to litter, and warn them about the consequences. Garbage isn't always in oceans, though. A lot of the garbage floes start from trash and waste being dumped in rivers, which lead to the ocean. Again, factories can cause this. Although, this always happens on purpose. Factories may choose to dump chemicals and trash parts inside rivers, oceans, and any other body of water. We must show that it's a crime to harm the environment in such way! Again, contact authorities, sign petitions, and stop buying from factories who pollute.
Pollution can be everywhere, and similar things to the ocean can happen on land. Some people drop trash on the ground instead of simply throwing it away! Animals again eat the litter and the litter can fall into other bodies of water and add to the ocean junk. The trash all over cities and towns can cause 'pests' to gather round and consume what food is left in the plastic, glass, and metal, or consume the litter themselves! Besides being harmful to the environment, litter just looks awful in general.
The easy way to not add to the problem is to just dispose trash accordingly! At least hold them until you can dispose them, instead of just dropping it on the ground. Again, convincing people to do the right thing is a key part. As with the others, make it a strict law that such littering would not happen. It will make the environment; and our eyes happy!
Pollution is a big problem, it harms us, animals, and the environment as a whole. We need to reverse the effects of polluting in all ways! People need to educate others about such blasphemy and work out a way to stop it. Laws should be put in place to halt the effects, and projects should be launched to return the world back to good health. Let's keep our home healthy!
Well, I have a lot of things that I'm thankful for. I'm thankful for the universe (so that everyone can exist), my parents for making me exist and caring for me, thankful that I live in a nice place where I have housing and food to eat, and plants producing oxygen so we can breathe. . . Those are just the basics, there are a lot more things that I'm thankful for, like scientists and researchers trying to make the world a better place, environmentalists trying to keep our world safe, K12 OHVA for giving me an education, and all the amazing people trying to do things for the greater good. I am also thankful for things that don't directly relate to my well being and survival, that just correlate for entertainment. Besides all that, one of the things that I'm most thankful for is life itself! I look forward to all the adventures and epic journeys that it will throw at me!
* 21,000 die of hunger everyday.
7,665,000 people die of hunger every year. 1,250,000 of them are children.
The sad thing is, WE CAN STOP THIS! But for some reason, we just... choose not to, and don't push for our governments to stop wasting money on weapons and focus on helping the people wasting away from starvation. EVERY SINGLE DAY IN AMERICA ALONE... approximately one Rose Bowl Football Stadium is filled with perfectly good food! We could feed SO MANY PEOPLE with that! Personally, I think that a law should be put to make it illegal to throw away perfectly good food. If food is spoiled, that is ok. You can't feed someone harmful food and expect them to get better. If people distributed that football stadium sized heap of food (mind you, that is from America alone, every. Single. Day.) we could curb world hunger!
There is a catch, though. We have to persuade the governments to create such laws to stop the disposal of good food, and push them to stop using funds on weaponry to kill, and use it rather on things to give life, such as transporting medicine, food, etc. If we stop the weaponry issue, that will also stop hunger a little bit in itself. A lot of poverty and hunger is caused by conflicts! People wouldn't be able to work and learn normally in conditions where every second they are fearing for their lives. Stopping war and stopping constant funds FOR war will help with lowering poverty. Using the war funds to fund more peaceful and humanitarian cause would be much better for humanity.
Another catch, corrupt leaders and weapon manufacturers don't want this. They want to keep wars going for power and money. If we can stop or persuade them, maybe we could take those daily Rose Bowl sized heaps of food and feed people wasting away with it!
We need to stand up, to inform, and to take action! We can't stop people from doing bad things without doing anything. We can't make people do good things without doing anything. We need to take action, or hunger and poverty will keep rising!
Animal Intelligence Research Paper (By: Iris Johnson)
Why Bird Brain Should be a Compliment!
“Birdbrain! Birdbrain!” Someone shouts the insult to you as you walk down the street. At first you feel annoyed and upset, that person is literally calling you stupid, right? Not really. Stop and consider the corvid family. Corvids are birds including Crows, Ravens, Magpies, and even Bluejays. They are famed for being intelligent birds, showing problem-solving abilities, even using mirrors for their benefit. Some corvids, like magpies, can mimic sounds like parrots and learn human words and phrases. Corvids have been observed playing and experimenting. They have shown to have emotional attachments to the people who raise them. Of course, we cannot speculate an animal is smart or daft just from a few tricks. A dog could sit, stay, and roll,
but the same mutt could also be terrified of a yellow rubber duck.
How intelligent are corvids, really?
Researchers and spectators have witnessed the New Caledonian crow poking grubs in holes with twigs, forcing the grubs to bite onto the twig so it can pull it out. Others take strips of serrated leaves to hook insects out of their holes. They have been observed even making the tools, taking twigs and carefully pulling out and bending certain parts to make a sharp and functional hook to yank the grub out! Not even chimpanzees have been observed (yet) making such intricate tools. Such tool craftsmanship must take up a powerful brain!
Mirror, mirror, on the wall! Who is the most intelligent bird of them all? The crow, maybe! Speaking of mirrors, New Caledonian Crows have again been observed being smarty pants! Scientists have placed four crows in front of mirrors. At first, the crows started to freak out at the weirdo copying their every move, but when they went behind the mirror they realized that it wasn't another crow- it was their reflection! Once the researchers noticed this, they put a treat inside a box. The crows could only see the treat if they saw it in the mirror- and all of them did indeed realize that the treat was not inside the mirror, but where the mirror reflected! This is not only self-recognition, but tool use as well! Another amazing feat from the New Caledonian Crows.
Besides New Caledonian Crows, crows and ravens in NYC have proven to pass down information to their chicks, and recognizing human faces. Researchers tried to see if crows could recognize human faces. One person put on a mask and spooked the crows. He kept doing this until the crows all scolded and screeched whenever they saw him. This did not work with other people who haven't harassed the crows, and when the masked person hides and takes off the mask and returns, the crows react as normal. No scolding, no negative response, just the usual neutral but still wary reaction. Year after year, when someone passes by wearing the mask, the crows go haywire! This kept on going for years, proving that crows tell each other and their chickies about information and can recognize and remember the faces of humans.
A lot of people abhor magpies for their screechy screams, but besides squawking, magpies, not unlike parrots, can mimic human speech! If trained as a little chick, Magpies can pick up words and phrases in a human language! Their talking skills aren't as spiffy as a parrot, and most can't learn tons and tons of words, but it still is amazing! A specific magpie named George has learned many words. She can say things from “What does a duck say, quack quack?” to “Come here!” She says the words fluently and fast, one phrase after another. Magpies must have good memory and vocal skills to be able to remember and repeat things like those!
Corvids are an absolutely amazing family of birds! From their speedy chatters to facial recognition, and their use of mirrors and sticks as tools is simply amazing! I think it's pretty fair to say that they are one of the most intelligent family of birds. So, next time, be proud when someone calls you a bird brain, and take a pause to marvel at your local smart-alecks, the corvids!
Many of you reading this may have experienced bullying or are still going through it. Many of you have threatened to tell on a meanie and have been called a 'tattler' 'tattletale' or 'snitch'. Seems like a bad thing, right? Not a bit!
There's a major difference between Tattling and Telling. When you tattle, you make a lie or fake report about someone, blaming them for something you did / or something nobody did at all. It's like when somebody drops a jug of milk in a cafeteria, and some bully goes saying that the person threw a tantrum about the food, breaking the milk in a hissy fit. Bah! That is a shameful thing for someone to do, villainizing someone's honest mistake and making them get punished for it.
Telling on someone is different, it's when you stand up for yourself or others by telling to authorities, like a teacher or parent. Bullies often try to convince you that you're tattling and snitching, but that isn't true. You aren't saying an innocent person is bad just for a laugh, you're standing up by reporting something mean! It isn't a cowardly move, it's a brave one! A 'cowardly' move would be abiding to the chokes, spits, and burbles of 'HUEEH, ITS A TATTLETALE!'
Stand up! Be brave! Show that you aren't the coward they say you are for telling.
Thank you for reading this, happy Anti Bullying Month! =^w^=
More than 2,000 innocent children have been separated at the United States border at Trump’s command.
The parents have been lied to about the locations of their children and given fake ‘find your children’ numbers.
The children have been sleeping on cheap mattresses on a concrete floor with only cellophane blankets.
If a group of strange men and women took your children and placed them in a place like that, cold and in a place with an uncanny similarity to a prison camp, how would you feel?
Many say that being separated, isolated, cold, hungry, and heartbroken is healthier for the children, that it is like a summer camp.
In summer camps, children are there because they want to be there. They eat hot food, sleep in warm beds, and can talk to their parents whenever they want.
This is the opposite of summer camp.
It is a slow death.
Does this sound like a science fiction, like some sick horror story of the future? If you thought it was, (probably not) it is, indeed, real. *Screams* this is basically kidnapping! They are forcing mothers and fathers to give up their children to a bunch of random strangers! Why would people even allow this!? “HUUUEHHH Mexico is FULL of PEDOBEARS and KIDNAPPERSSS” well, it seems like the opposite for them… we are the kidnappers.
Who would think that heartbreak, suffering and separation anxiety would make children happy? It’s not like you are taking ‘school is stupid, we want more toys’ brats and placing them in a bouncy castle full of stupidly expensive toys and video games, no-no-no-no-no. You are ripping close family bonds apart.
People are just permitting this because such child abuse is being carried out by their leaders. Why!? Why do people do this? Just because it’s a person in power who made the decision doesn’t mean EVERYTHING that they say is good and kind.
People can be strange like this. Why can’t we stand up against what is wrong? Why do our thoughts of what is good and evil get clouded by the status of the people who act them out? We should just judge by actions, not by looks or statuses.
Aren’t we supposed to love our neighbors as ourselves? Aren't we taught in school to treat all who are different equally? It seems we have a lot of wolves in sheep’s clothing in our leadership…
My solution to this problem is simply to put aside our differences. We’re all part of the human race, aren't we? Let’s not judge people by their ethnicity, what country they live in, and the color of their skin. We should just be kind and fair to one another.
Personally, I think that war is not a good thing at all! We are one human family, homo sapiens sapiens, and we should not kill each other like spiteful microbiomes of bacteria! We're not lions, who kill each other to survive, we are humans who have persuasion and trading, we don't need to take goods or spread ideas by force! If humans are supposed to be so smart, why are we using war instead of peaceful methods anyways?
Many countries spend lots of money on producing weapons and explosives instead of... oh, I don't know, ACTUALLY HELPING THEIR CITIZENS? Why don't world leaders who were voted by their people to make their country better try to fund medical research, scientific innovations, making food cheaper and available, or lifting people out of the poverty line? Heck, some war-torn COUNTRIES have 80% OF THEIR POPULATION IN POVERTY! HOW CAN FELLOW HUMAN BEINGS JUST LET THIS SLIDE? WE NEED TO WORK TOGETHER TO MAKE COUNTRIES LIKE THOSE BETTER FOR PEOPLE TO LIVE IN! AFTER ALL, WOULDN'T IT BE BETTER FOR THE COUNTRY AS A WHOLE TO HAVE HEALTHY, EDUCATED PEOPLE INSTEAD OF DYING, STARVING CITIZENS? :(
Oh, it controls the population you say? Well that's false! In the past, deaths were common. Disease and starvation was killing people left and right. Birth rates went up to make sure AT LEAST one child survived to adulthood. But as places modernized and sanitation became safer, less people were dying. Guess what happened next? Birth rates went out the roof! The population was shooting high, but slowly birth rates started to go back down. Triplets and twins were rarer. Soon, the population will be completely stable. The population will control itself! Even if it couldn't, that's still no reason to make people suffer and die. That is just a cruel thing to do! With that in mind, humans should stop killing each other and start helping each other.
If we are all human beings living in the same home, planet earth, why can't we just get along? Why can't we just put our differences aside and just love each other for who we are? Why do we cause suffering to each other for no reason? We all should just give peace a chance. It would make the lives better for everyone. ( ◕ヮ◕) ♡♡♡♡♡♡♡♡
I've been checking out and watching different movements where kids are involved. I am sooo inspired by them and want to do something good for all earthlings; that includes not just humans but also animals, trees, microbes, plants, maybe hiding aliens among us. Well, heck, let's include the universe, let's keep outer space un-polluted as well.
Anyway, I've been watching 'Young Voices for the Planet' (https://www.youngvoicesfortheplanet.com) and it's awesome! My fellow kids fighting for a cleaner world, greening our planet, feeding the hungry, standing up for equality and human rights and so on... I also discovered 'Green Fingered George' who is in love with the plant world. Me too! Yes, Kids Can Do! Wooohooo!
So... Me, Myself & I, did a lot of thinking and in talking, some mumbling, and more thinking plus reading and researching about these amazing peers who are already on the move for a wonderful future! The decision is made! I will do my part as well and do what I can and use whatever talent I have. I actually have been doing good stuff but, now I just have more of a purpose for them.
I've been working on my illustrations for my coloring book for the past few months now as I plan to enter the b u s i n e s s world. Once I begin selling it, I'll collect $3 from each book sold to go to certain Earthling Causes!
I will have a can that I could put all the causes I'd like to support written in pieces of paper, and every month I will roll it, toss it and shake it around, then draw one or two rolled up Causes, to fund for that month. The funded Causes for that month will then be dropped in another can to make sure and in the name of FAIRness give a chance for other causes to get funded as well. Then I will face each day with a clear conscience knowing that I did not show any favoritism towards any. EQUALITY FOR ALL!
I really think that I would be helping the planet this way. I hope that someday it will be 100% of my Coloring Book's proceeds that will go to positive, kind, loving, peaceful and progressive Causes. Like Paul Newman who makes 'green' pizzas and donates 100% of its proceeds to Charities. I don't mean he literally make green colored pizzas, but rather, he uses organic ingredients. Yummylicious! So, that's my goal.
I'll be launching this Coloring Book dream at KICKSTARTER! "Why Not!" says my parents who always let me soar away with any ideas that I come up with as long as it's not hurting myself or others.
Hey, everybody can dream... but I have an inkling that this one will come true! Woohooo.! Every little bit of help from YOU, can go a long way! Wanna join me? Let's hitch our hover-boards to some stars! 'Know anyone?' ٩(▰ᴗ◕)۶
Many people make the argument that war is sentimental in human nature. After all, lions are harming each other in unexplainable ways each day! Although, this can be disproved quickly.
Lions; for example, have war encoded into their genetics. If that lion over there tries to take your pride, you need to fight him off! They don't know what a peace treaty is, nor trading, or justice. All they know is it's kill and eat or starve, kill or die, kill or be driven out. They cannot grasp that there is something other than pure survival and passing on their genes. Humans, on the other hand, have all these things.
Humans trade goods and services using currencies. Those currencies can be traded for more goods and services. Doing so is much simpler than just taking those by force. Making weapons and armor is expensive, and, after all, land may be purchased. Although, goods and land are not the only reason for war.
Political and religious reasons for war are usually what most wars currently are about. These are also optional. In the case of politics, you may try to persuade one to be on your side. Although, there is an exception. If the person/people you are trying to persuade are doing outrageous acts of murder and cruelty (e.g. Adolf Hitler) they should not be forgiven. If one is causing unnecessary pain and suffering towards innocent beings, they should be stopped. In some cases, they cannot be persuaded.
Religious reasons for war are a tad bit similar. If you want to get people to join your religion, you must persuade them kindly. Using force and murder would only make them fear and hate you. There are people who cannot be persuaded. They should be left alone.
In conclusion, humans do not really need conflict. Why don't we just set our differences aside and give peace a chance? :)
Why You Should Not Judge Scary or Meat Eating Animals
(By: Iris B.J.)
Many people stamp at the sight of a spider, yell when they see a little snake or start charging to throw their flip-flops at that tiny house centipede sleeping under a rock. It may seem reasonable to those people, but from another view, it just looks all out silly and unnecessary.
Chances are that you may have a phobia of some sort of dangerous or scary creature. After all, a big percent of the population has one. It’s good that you respect these creatures and give them their space, but hating them with such a passion is not an option. I know lots of people who say that rattlesnakes, spiders, crocodiles, etc. should go extinct because they are ‘too dangerous’ or ‘scary’. Sometimes just seems that they do not care for animals that are not ‘cute’ or ‘cool’. Here are reasons why you should not be like those people.
No animal without an interest in eating you would be happy to kill you. It is common sense that animals would defend themselves when frightened and that nobody would want to be stepped on. If a snake bites you for frightening it, you should feel bad for frightening it and getting bitten, and not call it ‘evil’ for protecting itself.
You cannot even blame animals for eating cute things. It is very shocking and depressing when that bobcat eats your budgie, but that bobcat must be hungry/have kits to feed. Wild animals do not hunt for fun usually, because all food is precious in a world where you are searching for your next meal every morning. (Not-so-fun-fact, domestic cats' and dogs are more likely to hunt for fun)
A very important fact is that ALL ANIMALS HAVE A PLACE. If all rattlesnakes go extinct, rodent populations would go out of control. If all wolves went the way of the dodo, their main food source, elks, would eat all of the plants, leaving a barren wasteland in their wake. As a matter of fact, this has happened before in Yellowstone national park. Farmers with a ‘carnivores should go extinct’ mindset killed off more than 90 percent of all wolves to ‘protect elk and sheep’. This destroyed the ecosystem, and until wolves were re-introduced into Yellowstone, the plant and elk populations were dying off.
And to top it off, animals that look scary aren’t always dangerous. Some spiders do not have venom and would rather scamper off instead of face a predator. Snakes that are unable to eat humans fear us like we fear them.
Also, humans are encroaching on animal territory. More wild animals are raiding farms and lurking in towns and cities as they expand. If humans would just stay where they are and not be building big factories in the middle of forests and turning it into a big concrete wasteland, then they wouldn’t have to face raccoons and bears running around at every turn.
In conclusion, we should respect animals and not hate or despise them, or wish they go extinct. Every animal has their place in the world, and have their own little lives to live. We should respect all animals, and be reasonable in our decisions.
I'm Iris. A 10 year old ('turned 11 last March 2018) who got lots of reflections and views on life as I experience it. I love to read topics about the world around us, other people's ideas and opinions, and just about anything that I'm curious about and interested in.